lesson 3

soxsbbay ţe?  how are you?  __·rkuń soxsbbay good thanks
heuy nw? finished/ready yet? __heuy/heuyheuy yes __nw/nwţe no
soḿ ţous  excuse me/sorry
min ·ii ţe  __no worries/it’s fine  (·Ai)

bg srser heuy? have you written it yet? (sOrse)
soḿ niyay xmaer muoymuoy/yuutyuut __please speak khmer slowly
brab xñoḿ ja xmaer __tell me in khmer
xñoḿ y’l heuy __I understand (yOl)
caḿ ma ᵽlaet __wait a moment
juob qna pelkrouy/za’bza’b  __see you later/soon
·oon ţiñ bay m:an can? __you buy how many bowls of rice?
jḿrabsuor (jUḿrieb) hello  __suosdii (suosdEi) hi  __jḿrabla goodbye  __sḿńag l· (sAḿńag lA·OR) good luck  __soxsbbayńa be happy  __b:ontae/tae but __ᵽlec (pleIc) forget __caḿ remember/wait __ţiñ buy __l’k (lORk) sell __·rn (·Arn) read __ñ:aḿ/pisa(formal) eat/drink  __fuk drink  __ţuk water  __krooc (kroIc) orange  __sra s (sOR) white wine __sra bier beer  __smbort letter  __sda’b listen/hear/obey  __juob meet  __qna each other  __la heuy/ţwsinheuy goodbye  __ţw muoy heuy I’m going  __ba’lţa’t (balţOat) soccer  __fsar ťḿ neub (ťUḿ) supermarket  __sna’knw stay  __r’snw (rOs) live  __mk (mOk) come  __mkd’l arrive  __ţw go  __mhoob dish  __·ahar ingredients/food
min/·t VERB ţe don’t VERB  __dug know (fact)  __sqa’l (sqOal) know person  __ceħ know how to  __·ac (·aIc)  can/able to
bg ceħ niyay ·’gqles ţe?  __do you know how to speak english?
sqa’l mnoss nw sala m:an n·k?  __how many people do you know at school?
·’t dug ţe, qa’t ţw siem rab jamuoy mnoss m:an n·k?  __do you know how many people s/he is going to siem rieb with?
c’g (cOg) + VERB  c’gban + NOUN  want
troov + VERB trovkar + NOUN need

m:oto motorbike __lan car __ k’g (kOg) bike __daer go/walk to  __leg play  __daerleg stroll  __say niyay __niyayleg joke  __tam follow  __tam stug/plov along the river/road  __rien study  __hag shop __hag bay restaurant  __jiħ ride  __jamuoy with  __nig/heuynig and  __nug will  __meul watch  __ᶍeuñ see  __coolcitt like  __ťmmta (ťORmmAta) usually  __breu use  __mdg ţiet (mAdOg) again  __sbbaycitt happy  __qr’b (qrUb) each

កង្ហារ kOg har fan (spoken ja hal) __កៅអី kAw ·Eii chair (spoken ka ei) __ខ្នើយ xnaeuy pillow (xnAVeuy) __qrae bed __ទូរទស្សន៍ ţorţssn´ television (ţUrEţU) __ទូរសព្ទ ţoorspţ telephone (ţUrEsAp) __av shirt __kou pants __bic pen __kmou dei pencil __tok (to) table __sa ᵽw book __knlħ (kAlA) half __rb’s (rbO) thing __rb’s xñoḿ mine __nałika watch/clock __doocqna (doIcqna) same/similar

Counters/qualifiers
ថង់ ŧ’g bag (ŧARg) __កញ្ចប់ __kñc’b packet (kA cORb) __ប្រអប់ br·’b box (brA Orb) __ដប db bottle (dORb) __កំប៉ុង kḿ b:og can (ka pog) __ពែង paeg cup __កែវ kaev glass __ចាន can bowl/plate
c’gban mi 3 kñc’b  __I want 3 packets of noodle

piirbii few (pirbay) __xlAħ some __xñoḿ daer me too__មិត្តភ័ mittpák friend __mnoss (mnU) people __ja muoy mnoss 5 n·k with 5 people __mna’k (mneak=muoy n·k) one person/someone __mittbros boyfriend __mittsrii girlfriend __mittpák sri/bros f/m friend __n·k/louk kru f/m teacher __cwhvay boss/store owner __kargar job __mittruomkargar/n·k tveukar jamuoy colleague __yk (york) take __mday mother __m:a’k/m:ae mum __òpok father __b:a dad __koon srii/bros child f/m __brpnť (brapon) wife __bdii husband
qa’t c’gban ftħ ŧmii muoy __he wants a new house
__ŧlei ftħ muoy xae monthly rent __j’k sag (ják) fill/inject petrol __pleug electricity/fire
xñoḿ min yl ·ii ţe __i don’t understand anything

bg c’g tuk m:an db? __how many bottles of water do you want?
xñoḿ c’g tuk muoy db __i want a bottle of water

xñoḿ c’g/yk .. I want/will take ..  __soḿ ţuk muoy kaev please a glass of water  __soḿ ma roy please 100 riel  __soḿ caḿ ma ᵽlet  __·’s (·OR) everything  __·’s m:an? all together?  __(min) ·ii ţiet ·’t? anything else?  __·’s heuy nw? is that all?  __a muoy neħ one of these  __a nouħ that  __a ţḿ the big one  __tooc (tooic) small  __tic few  __tictic a little  __creun many/a lot    __znaḿ year  __xae month  __·aţity, sbdah´ week  __ŧgei day  __m:oug hour  __naţi (nieti) minute  __muoy dg muoy ·aţity (dÓg) once per week  __doog coconut
objects put number after NOUN   m:oto 4, mnoss 5 n·k, ftħ 10

duration/time/quantity put number before NOUN    2 ŧgei, 3 xae, 5 qiłoo muoy m:uun

b:eg b:ouħ muoy qiło man? muoy qilo  tomato
__mnoss creun  many people

2 m:oug
_creun m:oug many hours

dg (dÓg) pronounced dong (short O – time) __ doog pronounced dohng (long O – coconut)

sroov – ·gkr – bay – rice crop – raw – cooked
sa yoor/bmpoog straw
hot kdw
cold tr ja’k  prouħ plieg tr ja’k
juoy help
bg man loy ·a’b ţe? change?     riel OK ? loy xmaer ban ·’t?
ţUm/tooIc
ŧlei/ŧouk
m:oug (b:on)man ? what time   man m:oug? how many hours
bg tveukar m:oug man?
poo ţw PP m:oug man?
·oon coolcitt daerleg m:oug man
mig taeg ţw fsar m:oug man — taeg usually
brhael approx/probably
m:oug man bg ţw ftħ

start
ca’b fdeum + VERB, ·ahar/bay ŧgei/pruk/lgac
cool rien/tveukar (start class)
piir xae heuy – 2 months already
sḿ nuor question  suor ask
ceñpii leave + VERB  rien/stop
ceñpii ftħ/sala
mkd’l ftħ  arrive/come
ţwd’l
mk luen   early (fast)
mk yuut   late (slow)

knlAħ  half  m:oug brambuon d’b bram (naţi)
m:oug 6-11 pruk
12-4 ŧgei
5 -7 lgac
7-dark y’b
ţwleg / daerleg  travel/walk
suon park
are you ready? heuy nw?

meet juob
qa’t cg juob xñoḿ m:oug m:an
man kar br joḿ — have a meeting (joḿ gather)
puokqe cg rien piir m:oug   for 2 hours
cg juob xñoḿ m:oug m:an
man m:oug cg rien? how many hours
man mittpák man n·k? how many friends
xñoḿ ·’t coolcitt rien m:oug brambuon (ţe)

pii from d’l to
pii m:oug m:an d’l m:oug m:an
jit piir xae heuy  almost

 what time
·oon cool rien xmaer m:oung m:an?
xñoḿ cool
miig ţw fsar m:oug m:an?
poo c’g mkd’l siemrab pii mm d’l mm
how long
·oon rien xmaer m:an xae heuy?
·oon daerleg m:an m:oug muoy ·aţity?
bg ţw SR m:oug m:an?

ŧgei ţii m:an? what’s the date?
ţii muoy = first

ŧgeicán(ţ) (silent ţ) monday
ŧgei ·gqar (ongqie) tuesday   the 19th ţi d’b brambuon
ŧgeipoť (put) wednesday  ·oon c’g mk batd’ḿbg ţe ŧgeipoť
ŧgeiprh(sbti´) (poha or proha) thursday
ŧgeisok(r)  (silent s) friday
ŧgeisw(r´) saturday
ŧgei ·aţit(y) (silent y) sunday

·oon c’g ţw siemrab ŧgei ţii m:an? xñoḿ c’g ţw ŧgei ţii mpay piir
·oon ťveukar m:an m:oug heuy? xñoḿ ťveukar jit bram m:oug heuy
ťmmta ·oon c’b fdeum tveukar m:oug man? xñoḿ cool ťveukar m:oug d’b

ţḿ ner free (ţuḿ ne)
rv’l busy (rovol)
br joḿ (man kar br jom) meeting
cog sbdah´ weekend (sa ·aţity)
(ŧgei) cánţ sokr  weekday
ŧgei ç’b / sḿ rak  holiday sḿ rak=relax (note: rak, not riek)
ŧgei bońy public holiday (silent y)

yeug ţw …. ŧgei ç’b
colcitt ťveukar pii m:oug 10 pruk d’l m:oug buon ŧgei


present simple tense

focus on time expression
ŧgei neħ today
ra’l every (roal)  pruk, znaḿ
ra’l ŧgei xñoḿ ţw ťveukar m:oug brampiir

ra’l pruk nig ra’l lgac

yuut late  ( inflexible things like meetings, etc – after intended time)
luen early (after V)
mk/ceñpii yuut
yeug ·’t c’g ţw sŧany lankroog yuut ţe
qa’t ţw br joḿ luen / mk sala luen

late / early (flexible things such as eating, sleeping)
kror / za’b  , (before V)

juob qna za’b za’b – see you soon
xñoḿ za’b ñ:am bay – i eat early

yuut / luen also slow/fast

HOW TO SAY TIME

leuk ţii muoy/pir … THE 1st/2nd time …
pel pruk, pel rien, pel ñ:am bay, pel ťveukar .. morning, study time, mealtime, work time
piir dg, d’b dg – twice, ten times  (frequency context)

neħ leuk ţi bi xñoḿ ñ:am

S taeg tae V – always (before V after S)
(ja) ťmmta usually/normally  (ťORmmAta more flexible position)
pel xlħ/ juon kal(more spoken) sometimes
pel xlħ xñoḿ jiħ m:oto pel plieg
juon kal xñoḿ ţw sala yut
min dael/·’t dael never
xñoḿ min dael ñ:am kahve ţe
min dael sqa’l ba’tdḿbg ţe –

xñoḿ ç’b ñ:am kahve ţiet heuy – i don’t drink coffee anymore

nw ma pleit/ yor short/long time

yeug ñ:am bay m:oug xosqna  – we eat at different times

xñoḿ taeg tae ñam bay ŧgei dop/ţw  pel pruk

qeg / dek sleep
kroukpiidek wake

xñoḿ min dael ţw SR ţe piimon (i have never …)

ossah´ V    often (before V)
xñoḿ ossah´ man karbrjoḿ nw sala

…. … ñukña’b (ńas)    at end

rarely kḿ r (koḿror before V)
xñoḿ kḿr kroukpiidek luen nás

then/after that/next bnţa’b mk  (spoken paţoab mk  (ţiet) )

FIRST
ţii muoy (order  start of sentence)
ţok / snsḿ save loy money
mon (conjunction, in middle)

xñoḿ c’g rien xmaer mon, paţoab mk …

sin – instruction do first

– conjunction (like mon)

ţii muoy  yeug rien xmaer, paţoab mk ·ac niyay jamuoy xmaer   (foreign (puok) jn jati – braḿg   jn jati qe/yeug their/our nationality)
som ·an sapw neħ sin
qa’t juob qa’t mon paţoab mk, puok qe riebkar jamuoy qna, paţoab mk ţiet man koon

last cog krouy  (c’g more more like ‘a’bout)
ţimuoy xñoḿ kroukpidek, paţoabmk ţw tveukar, paţoabmk ţiet ñam ·ahar/bayŧgei, paţoabmk mk ftħ viñ, cog krouy (qe) xñoḿ cool dek

mkviñ –   vilviñ comeback ,  ca’kceñ leave
THE last one cog krouy qe
n·k qruu meul koon/meul cog krouy ·ii qe?   what was the last film you saw

ţii muoy, m:oug brampel xñoḿ krouk pii dek. paţoab mk meul rueg xmaer nw computer knlaħ  m:oug. paţoab mk ţiet ñam ahar pelpruk, heuy ţw ťveukar. m:oug muoy ñam ·ahar ŧgei nig m:oug bram mk fţħ viñ . paţoab mk ñam bay lgiec nig mel rueg nw komputa, cog krouy xñoḿ cool dek/qeg.

qeg more polite than dek

taboog (dḿboog)

mojţuk   bathe/shower
sliek pa’k get clothes

ţwd’l/mkd’l arrive (PLACE)

knlaeg ťveukar

dg m:an, how many times

ţa’n pel (ţoan)  on time  ţa’n mk (only for hour time)
d’l pel it’s time to…
jit almost/near m:oug jit piir
jit yut almost late, in time

qit ŧa – think that

nw te – no yet

paţoab pii after
paţa’b pii xñoḿ ñ:am ·ahar ŧgei heuy,  xñoḿ c’g puk kahve
paţa’b pii xñoḿ ceñpi ťveukar, xñoḿ c’g ţiñ ·iiv:a’n (go shopping)
paţa’b pii xñoḿ krouk pii dek, xñoḿ ·’t c’g ñ:am ·ahar pruk te
bnţa’b pii xñoḿ ťveu mhoob heuy, xñoḿ coolcitt meul ţoortors

bnţa’b pii m:oug d’b xñoḿ dmner/rvl (rovul)

bnţa’b pii xñoḿ rien heuy, xñoḿ coolcitt meul rueg

BEFORE same position as english
mon xñoḿ ţw sala, xñoḿ c’g ñam pruk
xñoḿ taegtae ñam ·ahar pruk mon m:oug brambuon
mon qa’t man karbrjoḿ qa’t c’g ·an sapw
ţmmta xñoḿ mojţuk mon cool qeg

PAST SIMPLE
msilmiñ yesterday
msilmg:ei day before yesterday
YESTERDAY pruk/(pel) ŧgei (trag) msilmiñ
lgac/y’b miñ

TODAY pruk/ŧgei(trag)  miñ

ŧgei msilmiñ xñoḿ jiħ m:oto pel plieg
pruk miñ xñoḿ kroukpiqeg luen

THE OTHER DAY
ŧgei mon

LAST
ŧgei can mon
aţiťy mon
xae mon
znam mon
m:oug mon AN HOUR AGO
leuk mon  LAST TIME

ra’l dg/pel every time

AGO
muoy ŧgei mon
d’b nati mon
piir m:oug mon
bii znam mon
xñoḿ man karbrjoḿ 2 ŧgei mon
xñoḿ keut sae sib bram znaḿ mon

JUST/ONLY
b’g man m:oto tae muoy ţe

JUST (recent)
ţeubtae
qa’t ţeubtae ceñ tw/ ťveu floov (heuy/ţe)
sţug river (tip stagnant)
BEFORE
mon

BEFORE (previously)
piimon
xñoḿ r’snw baraḿg piimon

xñoḿ zb 4 ŧgei – stop work 4 days

xñoḿ c’g ·ouy b’g srser oţahrń´ (utiahor) example

xñom coolcitt ciħ m:ootoo mon tw ťveukar

puok yeug twd’l ·iitalii 2 znam mon

PAST
xñoḿ ban ţw SR
(not with man, çuu (state) OR  coolcitt (emotions))

xñoḿ ban dek

bg ban xeuñ xñoḿ ·’t?
qa’t ·’t ban puk sra bier ţe

? or NEG ONLY
bg man ţw SR ţe/·’ţ?
xñoḿ ·’t man ţw fsar ţe msilmiñ

baţ xñoḿ ţw / ·’t ţe xñoḿ ·’t ţw


iłov iłovneħ iłovhnug pelhnug NOW

CONTINUOUS
kmpg kmpgtae(so cant do another thing)  in process of

xñoḿ ·’t kmpg dek ţe
bg kmpg rvl/çu ·’t ?  (also ADJ)
kmpg ţw (on the way to)

also NW: nw rgcaḿ / nw srla’ñ waiting / in love etc..

·akasťato weather

deum çeu tree
suon park
prei forest

 

FOR (purpose, people)
smra’b – xñoḿ tiñ sapw smra’b ·oon
(utiahor) example
smra’b sikxasala – for a workshop

FOR (people ONLY)
·ouy

TO (until)
d’l (TIME,DAY)
pii m:oug 3 d’l m:oug 7

ţw (PLACE)
pii bangkok ţw batd’ḿbg
xñoḿ c’g daer ţw psar

but
daerleg/ţwleg siemrab

xñoḿ c’g srser email ţw mittpák xñoḿ

teubtae – JUST (recently) before VERB

tae .. ţe  – JUST (only)
tae piir ŧgei .. ţe

LONG TIME
yoor heuy – xñoḿ sqa’l batd’ḿbg yoor heuy  (yoor long, slow)
xñoḿ ·’ţ juob na’k qruu yoor heuy (no ţe)

FUTURE
nug

ᶍeuñ see (glimpse)
meul watch, look at (longer, intentional)

xñoḿ nug ťveu lomhat ·aţit krouy
qe nug tiñ m:ootoo
qe nug ·’t  ŧgei neħ ţe

s·aek tomorrow (s·at beautiful)

mittpák xñoḿ ţoorspţ mk xñoḿ
xñoḿ nug ţoorspţ ţw … s·aek

want SOMEONE to..
qe ·’t c’g ·ouy xñoḿ ţoorspţ ţw qe ţe
xñoḿ c’g ·ouy xxxx mk batd’ḿbg

day after tomorrow
(ŧgei) xans·aek

next (after noun)
krouy
ŧgei krouy (some day, only future)
ŧgei paţa’b (next day, only past)

xae,znam krouy (next month, year)

qe nug ţwleg/m’kleg yeug

pel/leuk krouy
juob qna pelkrouy

PLAN TO
qroug
qroug j’b lieg (party)  j’b magic trick lieg clean

HAVE A PLAN
man qmroug

HOPE TO not used

piir ŧgei ţiet
xñoḿ nug ţwd’l tiinouħ d’b naţii ţiet
xñoḿ nug mkd’l fţħ muoy m:oug ţiet

door (move, change JP IDOO)
xñoḿ nug door kanlaeg r’snw xae krouy
xñoḿ c’g loy ·a’b (change)

za’b za’b soon

FINISH, exhaust, use up, no more  (c’gban ţiet)
·’s heuy
·’s loy heuy
·’s tmoor heuy
·’s xmlag out of energy
sag petrol
pel, m:oug

FINISH it’s over (time), too late, past
c’b heuy  choorb (ç’b heuy stop rhymes)
not yet finished ·’ţ ţa’n c’b ţe

FINISH complete, already done
heuy heuy

WILL FINISH (future)
nug ťveu ACTION ·ouy heuy  mon(by) m:oug bram  (ouy make it happen)

FUTURE TENSE HOMEWORK tveu with all verbs from today